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    中國傳統節日清明節介紹

    作者:未知來源:古典文學網發表于:2017-02-14 09:04:18閱讀:
    清明節

    (時間):節氣清明當日,公歷(陽歷)四月五日前后

    釋義

    清明節是中國最重要的祭祀節日,是最適合祭祖和掃墓的日子。掃墓俗稱上墳,祭祀死者的一種活動。漢族和一些少數民族大多都是在清明節掃墓。

    習俗

    按照舊的習俗,掃墓時,人們要攜帶酒食果品、紙錢等物品到墓地,將食物供祭在親人墓前,再將紙錢焚化,為墳墓培上新土,折幾枝嫩綠的新枝插在墳上,然后叩頭行禮祭拜,最后吃掉酒食回家。唐代詩人杜牧的詩《清明》:“清明時節雨紛紛,路上行人欲斷魂。借問酒家何處有?牧童遙指杏花村。”寫出了清明節的特殊氣氛。

    清明節,又叫踏青節,按陽歷來說,它是在每年的4月4日至6日之間,正是春光明媚草木吐綠的時節,也正是人們春游[古代叫踏青]的好時候,所以古人有清明踏青,并開展一系列體育活動的的習俗。

    清明節的由來與傳說:

    中國傳統的清明節大約始于周代,已有二千五百多年的歷史。清明最開始是一個很重要的節氣,清明一到,氣溫升高,正是春耕春種的大好時節,故有“清明前后,種瓜種豆”。“植樹造林,莫過清明”的農諺。后來,由于清明與寒食的日子接近,而寒食是民間禁火掃墓的日子,漸漸的,寒食與清明就合二為一了,而寒食既成為清明的別稱,也變成為清明時節的一個習俗,清明之日不動煙火,只吃涼的食品。

    清明節詩詞

    《途中寒食》(唐)宋之問

    馬上逢寒食,途中屬暮春。

    可憐江浦望,不見洛橋人。

    北極懷明主,南溟作逐臣。

    故園腸斷處,日夜柳條新。

    《寒食》(唐)韓翃

    春城無處不飛花,寒食東風御柳斜。

    日暮漢宮傳蠟燭,輕煙散入五侯家。

    《閭門即事》(唐)張繼

    耕夫召募愛樓船,春草青青萬項田;

    試上吳門窺郡郭,清明幾處有新煙。

    《清明》(宋)王禹俏

    無花無酒過清明,興味蕭然似野僧。

    昨日鄰家乞新火,曉窗分與讀書燈。

    《蘇堤清明即事》(宋)吳惟信

    梨花風起正清明,游子尋春半出城。

    日暮笙歌收拾去,萬株楊柳屬流鶯。

    《寒食上冢》(宋)楊萬里

    逕直夫何細!橋危可免扶?

    遠山楓外淡,破屋麥邊孤。

    宿草春風又,新阡去歲無。

    梨花自寒食,進節只愁余。

    《郊行即事》(宋)程顥

    芳草綠野恣行事,春入遙山碧四周;

    興逐亂紅穿柳巷,固因流水坐苔磯;

    莫辭盞酒十分勸,只恐風花一片紅;

    況是清明好天氣,不妨游衍莫忘歸。

    《送陳秀才還沙上省墓》(明)高啟

    滿衣血淚與塵埃,亂后還鄉亦可哀。

    風雨梨花寒食過,幾家墳上子孫來?

    《清江引 清明日出游》(明)王磐問

    西樓禁煙何處好?綠野晴天道。

    馬穿楊柳嘶,人倚秋千笑,

    探鶯花總教春醉倒。

    《清明》(唐)杜牧

    清明時節雨紛紛,路上行人欲斷魂。

    借問酒家何處有?牧童遙指杏花村。
    本文來源于古典文學網www.ncooo.com),轉載請保留原文鏈接及注明出處。
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