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    中國傳統節日寒食節介紹

    作者:未知來源:古典文學網發表于:2017-02-14 09:01:22閱讀:
    寒食節

    時間:清明節前一天

    舊俗中的一個節日,在清明節前一天(一種說法是清明前兩天)(現大多和清明寒食一起過的習俗)。

    來源

    春秋時已出亡多年的晉國公子重耳回國即位[即晉文公],封賞隨其逃亡的臣子,唯獨漏掉了介子推。介子推于是攜老母隱居綿山[今山西省介休市東南]。晉文公得知后欲加封賞,尋至綿山,找不到他,便想燒山逼他出來。但介子推不愿當官,堅持不出,結果母子二人俱被燒死。為了紀念介子推,晉文公將綿山改為“介山”,立祠祭祀介子推,并把燒山的這一天定為寒食節,全國禁動煙火,只吃冷食。后來便形成了在這天寒食、掃墓的風俗。

    相關詩句:

    《寒食》

    韓翃


    春城無處不飛花,

    寒食東風御柳斜。

    日暮漢宮傳蠟燭,

    輕煙散入五侯家。

    《途中寒食》

    宋之問


    馬上逢寒食,途中屬暮春。

    可憐江浦望,不見洛橋人。

    北極懷明主,南溟作逐臣。

    故園腸斷處,日夜柳條新。

    《寒食上冢》

    楊萬里


    逕直夫何細!橋危可免扶?

    遠山楓外淡,破屋麥邊孤。

    宿草春風又,新阡去歲無。

    梨花自寒食,進節只愁余。

    《壬戌清明作》

    屈大均


    朝作輕寒暮作陰,

    愁中不覺已春深。

    落花有淚因風雨,

    啼鳥無情自古今。

    故國江山徒夢寐,

    中華人物又銷沉。

    龍蛇四海歸無所,

    寒食年年愴客心。

    《寒食》

    孟云卿


    二月江南花滿枝,

    他鄉寒食遠堪悲。

    貧居往往無煙火,

    不獨明朝為子推。

    《寒食日獻郡守》

    伍唐珪


    入門堪笑復堪憐,

    三徑苔荒一釣船。

    慚愧四鄰教斷火,

    不知廚里久無煙。

    《寒食日獻郡守》

    張友正


    入門堪笑復堪憐,

    三徑苔荒一釣船。

    慚愧四鄰教斷火,

    不知廚里久無煙。

    《寒食帖》又名《黃州寒食詩帖》或《黃州寒食帖》。

    蘇軾


    一:

    “自我來黃州,已過三寒食,年年欲惜春,春去不容惜。

    今年又苦雨,兩月秋蕭瑟。臥聞海棠花,泥污燕支雪。

    闇中偷負去,夜半真有力。何殊病少年,病起須已白。”

    二:

    “春江欲入戶,雨勢來不已。小屋如漁舟,蒙蒙水云里。

    空庖煮寒菜,破灶燒濕葦。那知是寒食,但見烏銜紙。

    君門深九重,墳墓在萬里。也擬哭途窮,死灰吹不起”。
    本文來源于古典文學網www.ncooo.com),轉載請保留原文鏈接及注明出處。
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